字體:

學童吃多垃圾食物 智商會降低

澳洲一份新近研究指出,兒童與青少年,長期食入大量的垃圾食物,不僅會變胖,就連認知力 (cognitive performance) 與智力等等,也會一同衰退。此研究來自澳洲 UWA and the Telethon Kids Institute,觀察六百多位青少年,所得出的結果。

青少年時期為大腦發育關鍵 垃圾食物養分不足

研究人員首先在青少年都還在 14 歲時,請他們填寫一份問卷,以此來統計這些青少年的飲食習慣,分為健康飲食與「西化飲食」,直到三年後,再進一步進行認知評估。

It was found that the participants with a western dietary pattern, characterized by high intakes of takeaway food, red and processed meat, soft drink, fried and refined food, scored lower in cognitive tasks, particularly those involving reaction time/psychomotor function, visual attention, learning and memory.

評估發現,長期食入垃圾食物的青少年,他們的認知、智商、記憶力、學習力等等,都較當初填寫健康飲食的青少年,分數來的較低,研究人員認為,青少年時期,為人類大腦的發育關鍵時期,而健康的飲食,能夠幫助孩童攝取更多的養分,有助於大腦的發育。

See also:

Can't stop eating junk food? Blame your BRAIN for allowing lapses in self-control

  • Taking a specific part of the brain 'offline' led to more cravings and snacking
  • Brain's 'dorsolateral prefrontal cortex' keeps knee jerk reactions in check
  • Previous studies found that boosting activity in this area reduces cravings
  • Exercise, avoiding alcohol good sleep strengthens the brain
  • Strengthening this area of the brain means people can overcome cravings 
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2759304/Can-t-stop-eating-junk-food-Blame-BRAIN-allowing-lapses-self-control-scientists-say.html#ixzz3EZLGfAHU 

https://in.news.yahoo.com/western-diet-reduces-cognitive-performance-teens-063620978.html

【資料來源:中國醫藥大學附設醫院 衛教健康分享網

 


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